|Intellectual Disability / Cognitive Disability|
Intellectual disability (sometimes referred to as mental retardation) is a condition where people have significant learning difficulties due to incomplete cognitive development. A person with an intellectual disability has life-long developmental needs. He/she requires assistance and support to lead a normal life in the family and community. Areas where the individual requires support are likely to include communication, self-care, home living, social skills, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work.
People with intellectual disability may have other disabilities as well. Examples of these coexisting conditions include cerebral palsy, seizure disorders, vision impairment, and hearing loss. Children with severe intellectual disability are more likely to have additional disabilities than are children with mild Intellectual Disability.There are many different types of Intellectual Disability - click on the links below to find out more.